For what purpose is a periodontal probe used?
Dental hygienists use an instrument called a periodontal probe, which is a small measuring device that is gently used to evaluate the health of the bone and gingiva surrounding each tooth. The periodontal probing process is the most effective way to evaluate for areas of inflammation.
Why is periodontal probing important?
Periodontal Probing and Charting is one of the hygienist’s most important tools for determining the condition of your gums, what type of cleaning you need, and measuring the success of the treatment on subsequent appointments.
At which specific sites of the tooth will the dentist insert the probe to assess the Sulcular area?
The depth of the sulcus is measured by placing the probe gently into the gingival sulcus parallel to the long axis of the tooth.
Probing is done at 6 sites on a tooth:
- Mesial buccal or facial.
- Cervical buccal or facial.
- Distal buccal or facial.
- Distal Lingual.
- Cervical Lingual.
- Mesial Lingual.
When measuring gingival sulcus how deep each tooth will have measurements?
The periodontal probe is tapered to fit into the gingival sulcus and has a blunt or rounded tip. Six measurements are taken and recorded for each tooth.
What should a periodontal examination include?
A periodontal examination should include a periodontal probing, a radiographic analysis, a gingival index, mobility charting, and an evaluation of the amount of attached gingiva. These clinical exercises require simple instrumentation and a minimal amount of clinical calibration on the part of the examiner.
How do you explain periodontal probing to a patient?
A periodontal probe (tiny gum ruler) is utilized to measure the pocket depths in millimeters along the gumline, on the front and back of each tooth, totaling 6 measurements per tooth. When listening to these numbers, 1, 2 and 3 millimeters are all normal, healthy gum attachments to the teeth.
What are probing depths?
Periodontal probing depth (PPD)
The depth from the free gingival margin to the base of the sulcus is measured in millimeters at several locations around the whole circumference of the tooth (Fig. 6.2). The probe is moved gently horizontally, walking along the floor of the sulcus.
How do you explain periodontal charting to a patient?
What is Periodontal Charting? Periodontal charting is the process of measuring pockets – the space between a tooth and the gum tissue surrounding it. Your dentist or dental hygienist uses an instrument known as a probe and carefully inserts it into this space.
What probe is used for periodontal charting?
The PCP12 probe with Marquis markings has alternating shades every 3 mm. Unlike the previous two mentioned, the Naber’s probe is curved and is used for measuring into the furcation area between the roots of a tooth.
What are periodontal instruments?
Instruments used for the maintenance of the gingivae and supporting structures of the teeth or the treatment of conditions relating to them. They include scalers, hoes, and surgical cutting instruments such as the Blakes gingivectomy knife.
When using the periodontal probe to measure pocket depth the measurement is taken from the?
In a healthy mouth, a pocket can be anywhere from 1-3 millimeters deep. To measure a pocket we use a periodontal probe. The probe allows us to measure in millimeters from the top of the pocket to the bottom of the pocket. The bottom of the pocket is the area where the tissue is connected through ligaments to the root.
What instrument is used to probe and inspect the enamel of the tooth?
The dental explorer or probe (Fig. 1.3), a sharp-ended instrument, is used to: Determine the presence of caries. Explore other enamel and dentin defects, e.g. fracture, odontoclastic resorptive lesions.
What are the measurements taken during a periodontal probing exam?
The periodontal assessment should include a full mouth, six-point probing with every sulcus/pocket depth recorded for all adult patients. The six measurements include three on the facial surface (mesiofacial, facial, distofacial) and three on the lingual surface (mesiolingual, lingual, distofacial).
What instrument is used for periodontal pockets?
Your dentist uses a thin metal instrument, called a periodontal probe, to measure each periodontal pocket. You may hear your dentist calling out numbers to the dental hygienist. Each number refers to the depth of the pocket in millimeters. A healthy pocket is usually 1–3 mm.